In hopes of improving road safety and reduce vehicle collisions, the US government has moved toward requiring that vehicles come equipped with a way to communicate with each other. The new technology, called vehicle-to-vehicle communication (V2V) uses radio frequencies to communicate potential dangers to other vehicles without compromising motorists’ personal information.

The US Transportation Department has started to craft regulations for this new technology, though it could be years before consumers begin to see it on the market. The most likely first two V2V features will be left-turn assist and an intersection movement detection system. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) estimates that these new V2V features will prevent more than 590,000 collisions and save more than 1,000 human lives annually.

In the future, V2V technology could assist with blind spot visibility, warnings against passing another vehicle, and forward collision alarms. All new systems would assist drivers to make better decisions while driving, not take any kind of control away from them. As such, it would not add to auto makers’ liability.

By 2020,  NHTSA estimates that V2Vs will be common in vehicles, adding approximately $350 to the vehicle’s selling price, although that price is expected to drop to closer to $200 by 2050, as the technology becomes more widely used and accepted.